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Thread turning is a machining process that involves cutting threads onto a workpiece using a lathe or CNC machine. This process is used to create internal and external threads on a wide range of materials, including steel, stainless steel, titanium, and non-ferrous metals.
Thread turning can be done with a variety of tools, including threading inserts, threading dies, and threading taps. Threading inserts, also known as thread turning inserts, are cutting tools that are designed specifically for thread turning. They are made of high-quality materials such as solid carbide, which provide excellent wear resistance, durability, and precision. They come in different geometries, such as full profile, partial profile, and adjustable profile, to suit different threading applications.
Threading dies and threading taps are also used for thread turning, but they are typically used for creating internal and external threads, respectively. They are made of high-quality materials such as high-speed steel, which provide excellent wear resistance and durability.
Thread turning is widely used in various industries such as aerospace, medical, and manufacturing, where precise and accurate threads are required. The process is known for its precision, accuracy, and durability, which makes it a valuable addition to any machinist's toolbox.
Thread turning is often considered to be a better option than using taps or thread mills for a few reasons:
- Greater precision and accuracy: Thread turning uses specialized cutting tools, such as threading inserts, which are designed to provide precise and accurate cuts. This results in a consistent thread size and location, which is particularly important in industries such as medical and aerospace, where precision and accuracy are critical.
- Greater flexibility: Thread turning can be done with a variety of tools, such as threading inserts, which come in different geometries, such as full profile, partial profile, and adjustable profile, to suit different threading applications. This allows for greater flexibility in the machining process, enabling the use of various cutting tools and techniques.
- Better surface finish: Thread turning tools are designed to provide a steady, controlled cut, which results in a better surface finish on the finished part. This can be important in applications where a smooth surface is required, such as in the aerospace and medical industries.
- Increased productivity: Thread turning can be done with a single tool, threading insert, which can create both internal and external threads, saving time and increasing productivity.
- Better durability: Thread turning inserts are made of high-quality materials such as solid carbide, which can withstand high cutting loads and maintain a sharp edge for a long time. This reduces the need for frequent replacement, and can save on costs in the long run.
In summary, thread turning is considered to be a better option than using taps or thread mills because it provides greater precision and accuracy, greater flexibility, better surface finish, increased productivity, and better durability.